Permission for long-term residence
You must apply for permission to settle or live in Ireland over the long term.
In most cases, you cannot apply for long-term residence when you first come to Ireland. You need to live here legally for several years first, eg with permission to work.
After 5 years' legal residence
Long-term Residence Scheme
Apply via the Long-term Residence Scheme if you have been living and working legally with an Employment Permit in Ireland for 5 years.
If successful, permission is granted based on Stamp 4 (subject to conditions).
Long-term Residence Scheme for a spouse, civil partner or dependent
Apply via the Long-term Residence Scheme if you have been living in Ireland legally for 5 years as the spouse, civil partner or dependent of a family member who has already been granted long-term residence based on Stamp 4 (as above).
If successful, permission is granted based on Stamp 3 (subject to conditions).
After 8 years' legal residence
Without Condition as to Time
Apply for Without Condition as to Time (WCATT) if you have been living here legally for 8 years, except as a student.
WCATT grants permission to stay in Ireland up to the expiry date on your passport, based on Stamp 5.
Note: Do not apply for WCATT if you have long-term residence permission based on Stamp 4, unless your stamp expires within the next 6 months. Apply as normal if you have long-term residence permission based on Stamp 3.
Other types of residence
Permission to live in Ireland independently, eg as a retired person with Stamp 0
Stamp 0 permission allows you to live in Ireland independently for over 90 days, eg as a retired person.
Stamp 0 does not grant permission for long-term residence similar to Stamps 3, 4 or 5. It is subject to many more conditions and limitations. Read a longer description of Stamp 0.
You may be able to apply for Irish citizenship by naturalisation if you have been living here legally for 5 years out of the last 9 years or for other reasons, eg marriage to an Irish citizen.
You may be eligible for Irish citizenship based on birth or descent if you, your parents, grandparents or great-grandparents were born in Ireland.